Imagine that the act of building actually helped heal the environment. What would that look like? Massey Burke takes on this question both in her work as a local natural builder and in a chapter in the inspiring new book The New Carbon Architecture, by Bruce King.
Massey answers questions below in conversation with AIAEB COTE’s Cate Leger.
Cate: Natural building is generally associated with expensive or do-it-yourself new, custom houses in the countryside, but I have seen firsthand that natural building is appropriate and cost effective for remodels and city building. We met when you installed natural earth finishes for an apartment building renovation I was working on. The prices were competitive with the alternative: wood floors and plastered sheetrock walls and 3 years later the earth finishes are holding up well.
Why do you like working with natural finishes and materials?
Massey: I like working with natural materials because they help me maintain a direct relationship to the landscapes that they come from, both aesthetically and practically. Working with natural materials usually involves a much shorter and more accessible supply chain, and often means that I am sourcing and refining the materials as well as building with them. I love this process: it allows me to make choices about how I affect the environment through building.
Cate: We’ve heard a lot about zero net energy buildings as a key step to reducing use of fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. In The New Carbon Architecture, you argue that buildings can go a lot farther in solving the climate crisis. Tell us more about that.
Massey: Shifting to natural building materials can sequester carbon, and, done right, can make our buildings carbon sinks rather than carbon emitters.
Wood and other plant-based natural materials are now understood to sequester carbon within a building–because plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and turn it into stable non-atmospheric carbon. As long as they do not break down, the carbon within the plants remains locked up and does not return to the atmosphere.
While it is less common in modern construction than wood, straw has been used worldwide in building for many thousands of years. Straw bale construction is typically the most familiar to people, but there are actually many different ways to use straw in construction. Straw is also used in a most earth or clay building systems, like adobe, cob, earth plasters, and earth floors.
Cate: Where will you be taking this research in the future?
Massey: This year is a mix of building work and carbon sequestration research, which is moving me toward creating high-performance buildings that are explicitly designed to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. I’m also developing more avenues for using natural materials for remodels. In particular I am interested in expanding the applications of clay plasters in remodels to improve humidity control and energy efficiency.